In the lighting design of exhibition halls,the artistic and expressive qualities of light can enhance the theme of the display,allowing the profound meaning carried by the exhibits to be more deeply recognized by visitors.Large public spaces such as museums,galleries,exhibition halls, shopping malls,and hotels typically require the following 7 major lighting designs:
1.General Lighting: Also known as ambient lighting or overall lighting,this is the fundamental lighting system necessary for display spaces or other public areas.Its purpose is to provide clear visibility of indoor facilities,pathways,etc.,and to effectively identify exhibits.Commonly used fixtures include evenly distributed spotlights, grid lights,pendant lights,as well as luminous ceilings,all of which fulfill the basic visual requirements.
2.Accent Lighting: This type of lighting plays an active role in illuminating important exhibits, enhancing the spatial hierarchy.Similar to the way lighting creates space and order in window displays.Supplementary lighting often works in tandem with accent lighting,creating areas of reflection and shadow to highlight key exhibits.A brightness ratio of 3:1 or 5:3 between accent lighting and supplementary lighting is often considered ideal.
3.Supplementary Lighting: Additional light sources enhance the spatial hierarchy,making exhibits more vibrant and providing a better viewing experience for visitors.Often used for supplementary side and rear lighting,this lighting complements accent lighting by highlighting exhibit details and three-dimensionality.
4.Layered Lighting: This technique involves using three-dimensional,multi-angle lighting to differentiate the foreground and background relationships of objects.Multicolored light sources create a sense of hierarchy in different exhibition zones,allowing visitors to experience an all-encompassing spatial interactivity and leaving a profound impression.
5.Decorative Lighting: In addition to practical lighting to illuminate exhibits,decorative lighting can be applied to increase the charm and appeal of displays.For instance,using neon tubes to form decorative patterns,using lights of different colors to illuminate iridescent decorative scenes,or utilizing virtual reality technology to generate specific scenarios,all contribute to impressive display effects.
6.Three-Dimensional Lighting: Often achieved with low-brightness fluorescent lamps and neon lights,this approach adds accents that visually expand the exhibition hall and enhance the allure of exhibits.By placing lighting fixtures at different orientations and heights within the exhibition space, a diverse range of visual effects can be created.
7.Emergency Safety Lighting: Also referred to as emergency lighting,safety lighting,or accident lighting.In the event of disasters like earthquakes or fires causing power outages,the exhibition hall might be plunged into darkness,necessitating the safe evacuation of visitors and staff.Every public venue must install an independent emergency lighting system,covering corridors, staircases,elevators,passageways,entrances,and exits,to ensure continuous lighting for 90 minutes.The rationality of emergency safety lighting is a factor that designers must carefully consider.
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