Talking about the museum's cultural relics preservation environmental relics as an important part of cultural heritage, retaining rich information in the form of real objects, with historical, artistic and scientific value. In order to study and use the information resources contained in it, the material form of the cultural relics must be preserved. However, due to the characteristics of cultural relics and the universal nature of their internal movement, coupled with the role of environmental factors, the tendency of decline, damage, and even disappearing in the natural environment of cultural relics, that is, the natural damage of cultural relics, essence is environmental factors In the physical or chemical effects with cultural relics materials, the cultural relics increasingly change their original forms and components, and the long -term preservation of cultural relics.
The issue of the Institute of Cultural Relics Preservation and Environment is the relationship between the environment and the preservation of cultural relics, the process and mechanism of environmental factors and cultural relics materials, and find the best environment for the preservation of cultural relics, and finally slow down the natural damage of cultural relics. The cultural relic preservation environment can be understood as the sum of the surrounding environmental factors centered on cultural relics. Specifically, the cultural relics preservation environment of the museum, or the hidden cultural relic preservation environment, mainly includes factors such as air temperature and humidity, light, air pollutants and harmful biology in the museum room.
The museum's unfavorable environmental factors generally slow the role of cultural relics, but the destruction effect is unbearable over time. Therefore, it is necessary for us to explore the process and possible impact of various environmental factors and cultural relic materials in the museum. .