From a certain perspective, understanding the past and now starting from the museum. A museum is a history of materialized development. From a young age, this is an important testimony of the history of the long and long stream; from Dali, this is a spiritual bond to maintain the unity of the Chinese nation.
The museum is not simply a place for citizen's cultural tutoring. More importantly, it should be one of the main places for citizens to leisure. How much knowledge is secondary, enjoying a rare quiet and elegant atmosphere, and relaxing in this atmosphere, it is relaxed in The tight heartstrings in work and study become the main purpose of coming to the museum.
The cultural relics of the museum rely on display, exhibition, publicity, service, etc., to achieve the dialogue between history and people now. It has become an important part of urban cultural facilities.
The museum plays a very great role in the management of human cultural relics and natural relics. [Historical Development] Museum phenomenon was initially germinated to people's collection consciousness. More than 4,000 years ago, the ruler of Egypt and Mesopotamia paid attention to finding a treasured treasures.
In the 4th century BC, the Alexander Great of Macedonia was settled and plundered many precious artworks and rare antiquities in the military operations of the Eurasian and African Empires in the establishment of a place for the establishment of a land across Eurasia and Africa Empires. Sterde once used these cultural heritage to teach and spread knowledge. After the death of Alexander, his subordinates Ptolemy Sodot established a new dynasty, continued to conquer the north to the north, and collected more artworks.
The Third century BC Ptolemy Sodot created a Muse Temple that specializes in cultural treasures in Alexander City, Egypt. This "Muse Temple" is recognized as the earliest "museum" in human history. The word museum has evolved from Greek's "muse".
Unlike the museum we see today, the Muse Temple is actually a special research institution. There are lobby research rooms, displaying astronomy, medicine and culture and art collection. Scholars gather here to engage in research work and engage in research work.
Legend has it that the famous physicist Archimede and the famous mathematician Oujid, who found the law of buoyancy during the bath, are engaged in research here. The earliest museum of Muse Temple, the earliest museum in human history, was destroyed by the war in the 5th century AD. Museum of modern meaning appeared in the late 17th century.
In the 18th century, there was a Department of Insidians in the UK, Hans Slong, who was a collector with a wide range of interests. In order to allow his collections to "maintain its integrity and not to be scattered" forever, he decided to donate nearly 80,000 collections to the British royal family. The royal family decided to set up a national museum.
In 1753, the British Museum was established, and it became the first large museum in the world to open to the public. In 1946, the International Museum Association was established in Paris, France. In 1974, the association made clear definitions of the museum, and public welfare became its primary responsibility.
Since 1977, the International Museum Association has determined May 18 each year as "International Museum Day", and a theme will be determined every year. This year is the 22nd International Museum Day, the theme is "Museum -Bridge of Communicating Culture". No matter how many brilliant civilizations people used to have been annihilated by the history of history without exception, human beings are constantly creating civilization, but civilization cannot be eternal.
However, we can still find the traces of these civilizations through a certain way. This way is the museum. There is also a saying: "Museum" as a word, first appeared in the "Shan Hai Jing", which means to identify many things; There is also the meaning of "Museums of Museums, True Ancient and Modern".
By the second half of the 19th century, my country imitated Japan and started the term "museum" as the name of a discipline. "Museum" and "Museum" are connected to a word as a cultural education institution in my country. The word "museum" in Japanese comes from the term Museum universal in English, French, and German, and this word from Latin is derived from the word MEUSION in Greece.
It means a dedicated to worship. Poetry, dance, music, art, science and other activities in Greek mythology of Greek mythology. In ancient Greece, there was another institution that was closer to the nature of modern museums.
This treasure bank also found in other countries in Europe. Until the Renaissance period, with the expansion of the collection content, some treasure banks gradually used the Latin Museum that was popular at the time at that time. In Munich, Germany, two different museums of different names have existed for a long time.
With the transition of the times and the development of social education, the museums with a name have gradually replaced the original treasure bank, and finally it has become a museum that is popular for the masses today.